SHEEP

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SHEEP

Physical description

The sheep is an herbivorous domestic mammal of the family Bovidae. The presence of horns on the head depends on the species: some do not, while others have either the male, the female, or both. His body is covered with curly hairs called wool, whose color can take various variations of white or black. The sheep are not very big, it is between 1 and 1.5 meters long. Males weigh between 45 and 160 kg, while females are a little smaller and weigh no more than 100 kg.

His place of life

The sheep adapts easily to different temperatures and living environments, which is why it is raised all over the world.

His diet

Sheep are exclusively herbivorous and feed mainly on grass grazed at ground level. The grazed grass is chewed and swallowed, then regurgitated in the mouth to be chewed and impregnated with saliva throughout the day.

His reproduction

The sheep (female sheep) generally reach sexual maturity between 6 and 8 months, and the ram (male sheep) generally between 4 and 6 months. After mating, the ewes have a gestation period of about 5 months and the litter is 1 or 2 small in general. Once she has given birth, the sheep cleans the lamb (or ewe lamb) by licking it, and one hour after birth, it can stand up. He is directly fed on breast milk.

His life expectancy

The average life expectancy of a sheep is 10 to 12 years, but some sheep can live for 20 years.

The cry of the sheep

Depending on whether it is male or female, the cry is different. The sheep, while the ram blatters.

Particular signs

Sheep have horizontal pupils, which gives them an excellent peripheral vision. So, they can see behind them without having to turn their heads.

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