Top 6 zoos the most respectful of animal welfare
Working to create environments that respect the natural habitats of animals, these animal parks have the particularity of developing programs for the protection and protection of fauna and flora.
The zoos in this ranking owe their place to their actions to preserve threatened or endangered animal species. They work to bring an environment as close as possible to the natural habitats of their tenants.
1 – Refuge of the Ark (France)
Wildlife park located in Mayenne, Refuge de l’Arche is a kind of animal sanctuary created 40 years ago by the Club for the Study and Protection of Animals of Nature (CEPAN), a goal association non-profit. It collects abandoned animals, too old for their owners, from other zoos or circuses, brought back from exotic destinations by irresponsible tourists, seized by the authorities or simply found wounded in nature.
The team cares and brings a little serenity to these animals, “after a life most often too disturbed in contact with the man”. When they arrive at the Refuge de l’Arche, they are welcomed there until the end of their life, except for those who, after many treatments, can be released in their natural environment. Only the most dependent on the man are kept permanently. In this park, which recreates the natural habitats of 1,500 animals, the big cats live alongside the local fauna on nearly 15 hectares, where 150 species are represented. In addition, the Refuge de l’Arche is not really considered a zoo, this establishment is the only one in France to collect exotic or wild animals.
2 – Bioparc of Doué-la-Fontaine (France)
Located in the Pays-de-la-Loire, the Bioparc Doué-la-Fontaine is based on the environment Wren in which it was designed. Thus, the enclosures are dug in the walls of falun, a limestone rock allowing to create large spaces for animals. The park extends over 14 hectares of islands and scenery carved in stone, respecting the natural habitat of 1,000 inhabitants. In addition, the huge aviary is the only one in the world in which condors can steal everything.
Of the 123 species present in the Bioparc, 41 are endangered and 9 are on the verge of extinction. The structure is also a breeding place certified for several of them, to ensure their survival. It is also committed to environmental, social and nature protection projects, in France but also abroad, as with its program to safeguard the last herd of giraffes in West Africa in Niger. Bioparc’s actions thus focus on the protection of wildlife, the sustainable management of habitats (reforestation, the creation of nature reserves and the provision of economic and social solutions to populations living alongside wild animals in danger (access to water, health, training, job creation …) This last part of the programs is justified by the philosophy of Bioparc which is: “if you want to save the animals, you have to help the man”.
3 – The wild reserves of Singapore
Managed by the Wildlife Reserves Singapore, the Singapore Zoo (Mandai Zoo), the Night Safari, the River Safari and the Jurong Bird Park are trying to recreate enclosures close to the natural habitat of animals. They also strive to make security separations invisible by playing on the elements of the set. The parks are linked to a center of care, protection of species and research, but each has its specialty.
– The Singapore Zoo has the distinction of hosting the largest orangutan community in captivity in the world. This has allowed the primatologist Francine Neago to study their behavior by staying with them in 1977, for 6 months. It also hosts 315 species, 16% of which are threatened, in an area of more than 28 hectares.
– The Night Safari is one of the only parks offering the possibility of observing the nightlife of animals, thanks to a lighting imitating the lunar light. This night safari consists of a train tour, which is then completed by sinking into the 40 hectares of rainforest, following the marked trails between trees over 100 years old. In this park, 30% of species are threatened.
-The River Safari goes as far as recreating the fauna and flora growing during the rise of the Amazon River, allowing to see the evolved fish in the middle of the tree roots.
– The Jurong bird park is populated by more than 5,000 birds of 400 different species to observe in aviaries of 20 hectares, in which it is possible to walk. The cascade of more than 30 m is one of the largest created by man.
Only downside: the dressage shows of animals.
4 – Bronx Zoo (United States)
Managed by the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) to protect and conserve wildlife, the Bronx Zoo was one of the first US animal parks to remove animals from their cages. It emphasizes the creation of enclosures in the image of the natural habitat of its occupants, mixing the species of the same environment in one and the same universe. Separations exist nevertheless to separate the predators from the prey, for the safety of the visitors and the animals, but are confused in the decoration (pits, streams …).
Home to more than 6,000 animals of 650 different species, it is composed of several universes including the “Jungleworld”, an indoor exhibition of plants and animals of the tropical rainforests. The Congo Gorilla Forest remains the largest artificial forest in the world, covering more than 2.6 hectares.
On the other hand, while the Bronx Zoo is now known for its respect for nature, it has a less glorious past than its present. Indeed, it was also a human zoo in the early twentieth century, exposing Ota Benga, a Congolese pygmy brought back by businessman and explorer Samuel Philipps Verner in 1906. Ota Benga was thus held captive and exhibited in the pavilion. monkeys (‘”Monkey House”). The controversy that the exhibition engendered allowed its release and its reception by the African-American clergy. Depressed, he ended his life in 1916.
5 – Belize Zoo
The Belize Zoo was first designed in 1983 to collect animals used for film shoots. With its UNESCO World Heritage-listed coral reef and its rich ecosystem, the island is one of the most beautiful regions in the world. However, it turned out that the local population knew little about the species populating this region. Also, the small zoo of Belize now has 150 animals from 45 different species, all from the island. Spread over 29 hectares of natural savannah, the zoo collects and treats orphaned animals born in the zoo or donated by other animal parks.
6 – Wild Zoo of Saint Félicien (Canada)
“Confining a wild animal in a cage is like asking a marathon runner to run in a 25 square meter room.”
This sentence sums up the philosophy of Saint Félicien’s animal park located in Quebec. This zoo brings together 75 animal species inhabiting Boréalie, in other words, the regions of the globe where it is at least -3 ° during the coldest month of the year (Canada, Alaska, Russia, certain regions of northern Europe, from Asia and Japan). The species coexist in environments designed from natural materials and respecting the biodiversity of their natural habitats. Here too, security separations are not always visible to humans.